Ethyl cellosolve, also known as 2-ethoxyethanol or ethylene glycol monoethyl ether, is a colorless, volatile liquid with a mild odor. It is a versatile solvent that is commonly used in many industrial applications, including paint and varnish removers, degreasers, printing inks, and cleaning agents.
Ethyl cellosolve has excellent solvency for polar and non-polar substances, making it an effective cleaner and degreaser. It is also used as a chemical intermediate in the production of other chemicals, such as surface-active agents, plasticizers, and pharmaceuticals.
While ethyl cellosolve is a useful and effective solvent, it can also be hazardous to health if not handled properly. It can be harmful if ingested or if it comes into contact with skin or eyes. It can also cause respiratory problems if inhaled. It is important to follow proper safety protocols and use protective equipment when working with ethyl cellosolve.
Ethyl Cellosolve Properties:
- Chemical formula: C4H10O2
- Molecular weight: 90.12 g/mol
- Boiling point: 138 degree centigrade (280 degree fahrenheit)
- Melting point: -115 degree centigrade (-175 degree fahrenheit)
- Density: 0.902 g/mL (at 25 degree centigrade)
- Solubility: Ethyl Cellosolve is miscible with water, ethanol, acetone, and other polar solvents.
- Viscosity: Ethyl Cellosolve has low viscosity and is a relatively thin liquid.
- Odor: Ethyl Cellosolve has a mild, Ether-like odor.
- Flammability: Ethyl Cellosolve is a highly flammable liquid and should be stored and handled with care.
- Toxicity: Ethyl Cellosolve can be harmful if ingested, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. It can cause irritation to the skin, eyes, nose, and throat. Prolonged exposure to high levels can cause damage to the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Q: What is Ethyl Cellosolve?
A: Ethyl Cellosolve, also known as 2-ethoxyethanol, is a clear, colorless, and odorless liquid chemical compound with the chemical formula C4H10O2. It is a powerful solvent that is used in various industrial and household applications.
Q: What are the uses of Ethyl Cellosolve?
A: Ethyl Cellosolve is commonly used as a solvent for paints, lacquers, varnishes, and other coatings. It is also used as a cleaning agent for various surfaces, such as metal, glass, and plastics. Ethyl Cellosolve is also used in the production of different chemicals, such as detergents, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
Q: Is Ethyl Cellosolve safe?
A: Ethyl Cellosolve can be hazardous if ingested, inhaled, or comes in contact with the skin or eyes. It can cause irritation, sensitization, and other health effects, especially when used in high concentrations or without proper protection. Therefore, it is essential to handle Ethyl Cellosolve with care and follow safety guidelines.
Q: How to handle Ethyl Cellosolve safely?
A: When handling Ethyl Cellosolve, always wear protective equipment, such as gloves, goggles, and a respirator, to avoid skin or eye contact, inhalation, or ingestion. Store Ethyl Cellosolve in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area, away from sources of heat, sparks, or flames. Follow proper disposal procedures and do not release Ethyl Cellosolve to the environment.
Q: Where to buy Ethyl Cellosolve?
A: Ethyl Cellosolve is available at various chemical suppliers and distributors online or in-person. Be sure to purchase from reputable sources and follow safety guidelines when handling and using Ethyl Cellosolve.